What is IVF


In Vitro Fertilization

What is IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)?

It is a method of obtaining pregnancy by taking the egg and sperm out of the body and placing them inside the uterus after fertilization is ensured by various techniques.

In IVF treatment, classical IVF is preferred in cases where the egg and sperm are sufficient, and ICSI is preferred for couples who may have insufficient number and fertilization problems.

What is the Difference Between Classic IVF and ICSI?

In the classical IVF treatment, after the appropriate environment is provided, the sperm is expected to enter the egg with its own power and fertilize it. In the first years of IVF treatment, this method was applied until 1990. The advantage of the method is that the sperm enters the egg with its own selection and strength in the culture medium and makes a selection in accordance with natural conditions. However, the classical method is used today by applying to a part of the collected egg and sperm in patients with a high number of eggs and not very bad sperm count and quality. Better quality embryo transfer is preferred over embryos obtained by ICSI.

ICSI process; It is a method in which the sperm is injected into the egg with a micropipette. This method, which was started to be implemented in Brussels in 1990, was the first successful birth in 1992. This procedure is more preferred in today's IVF treatment. It gives more satisfactory results because it facilitates fertilization in patients with low number of eggs in problems related to sperm number and shape.
Who Is IVF Treatment Performed?

Making the decision to start IVF treatment can sometimes be a difficult process for couples. If there is no pregnancy despite having a one-year unprotected and regular sexual life naturally, the cause is investigated and treatments are applied. In vitro fertilization decision should be made in patients for whom these treatments do not yield results. In the following cases, IVF treatment should be started directly instead of waiting for one year and simple treatments.

  • If the woman is 40 and over
  • If both tubes are found to be closed
  • Previous endometriosis surgery in women, presence of chocolate cysts
  • Severe decrease in egg reserve
  • The presence of sperm count, movement and shape problems in men that cannot be resolved by natural means and traditional treatment methods.
  • Presence of genetically transmitted diseases
  • For the purpose of freezing eggs or embryos before oncological treatment that will affect reproduction.