WHAT IS IVF (IN VITRO FERTILIZATION)?

WHAT IS IVF (IN VITRO FERTILIZATION)?

It is a method of obtaining pregnancy by taking the egg and sperm out of the body and placing them inside the uterus after their fertilization with various techniques.

In IVF treatment, the cases where the number of eggs and sperm are sufficient, classical IVF is preferred, but if the numbers are insufficient and couples who may have fertilization problems, ICSI is preferred.

 

What is the Difference Between Classical IVF and ICSI

In the classical IVF treatment, after the appropriate environment is provided, the sperm is expected to enter the egg with its own power and fertilize it. In the first years of IVF treatment until 1990, this method was used. The advantage of the method is that the sperm enters the egg with its own choice and power in the cultured environment and makes a selection according to natural conditions.

However, the classical method is being used by in patients  some part of the collected eggs and sperms with a high number of eggs and not very bad sperm number and quality. It is usually prefered to maket he transfer with a good quality embryo which is fertilized by the sperm itself, compared to embryos obtained by ICSI.

ICSI process; It is a method which sperm is injected into the egg with a micropipette. This method was first applied in Brussels  1990 and the first successful birth was achieved in 1992. This method

It is more preferred in today's in vitro fertilization treatments.

Because it facilitates fertilization, it gives more satisfactory results in problems which are related to sperm number and shape and in patients with low egg counts.

ICSI

Who Is Eligible For IVF Treatment?

Making the decision to start IVF treatment can sometimes be a difficult process for couples. If pregnancy did not occur naturally for a year without protection and despite having a regular sexual life, the reason for this should be investigated and appropriate treatments should be applied to solve this cause.

 When these treatments do not give positive results, the decision of in vitro fertilization should be given.

In addition, in the following cases, instead of waiting for one year and simple treatments, IVF treatment should be started directly.

If the woman is 40 and over

If both tubes have been closed

Previous endometriosis surgery, presence of chocolate cysts in women

Severe decrease in egg reserve

The presence of sperm count, movement and shape problems that cannot be solved with natural ways and traditional treatment methods in men.

Presence of inherited diseases

For the purpose of freezing eggs or embryos before oncological treatment that will affect fertility.