Reproductive Protection Methods

Reproductive Protection Methods

Today, women want to get married and have children after completing their education and careers. For this reason, the age of marriage and having children has increased compared to the previous years.

Eggs are stored by freezing In addition to those who willingly postpone marriage, those who have endometrioma (chocolate cysts) problems that may reduce their egg reserve and have conditions that require some mandatory surgeries or to protect future reproduction in patients who will undergo oncological treatment (cancer treatment).

 

Reproductive Protection Methods;

  • Social Oocyte freezing (Egg freezing)
  • Ovarian tissue (ovarian tissue) freezing
  • Embryo freezing

Egg freezing is performed for singles and embryo freezing for married women for those who are getting older and whose reproductive reserve starts to decrease or who want to preserve their reproductive ability before oncological and surgical treatments.

Ovarian tissue is frozen and stored in children or a group of patients who have just entered the adolescence period but will undergo oncological treatment. In the period when reproduction is planned, it is re-transplanted to the place where they were collected or to a different area.

This method, which is used less frequently, is applied in cases where emergency intervention is necessary in children and adolescents for whom oncological treatment is planned.

It is legally required to prepare a report with the approval and signature of three doctors for procedures to be carried out for the protection of reproduction.

Among these methods, egg freezing process is mostly performed. For those who postpone marriage and having children, 35-37 years old is the ideal age for this procedure. However, it can be performed at any age in women with decreasing ovarian reserves.

 Since egg aging occurs in women aged 38 and over and after the thawing of frozen eggs, it is recommended to examine the embryos in terms of genetic examination (PGD) before obtaining pregnancy.

Depending on the egg reserve, the process may need to be applied several times to increase the number of eggs to be frozen. Freezing 10 or more eggs will increase the chance for pregnancy.

 

How is the Egg Freezing procedure applied?

It is like the first step of IVF treatment. After a personalized treatment plan is made, the eggs are enlarged with subcutaneous injections for 10-12 days and a light anesthesia is given for 15 minutes.

It is then collected by a process called OPU and frozen with a special method.

The vitrification technique is a successful technique that has a very low probability of degeneration of frozen eggs after thawing.